GRAPES AND WINEMAKING
- The vineyards of Navarra are on the lower slopes of the Pyrenees, as they descend towards the basin of the river Ebro. The region used to be renowned only for its rosado wines but in recent years has been producing quality reds and whites as well.
- A key characteristic of the D.O. Navarra area is the extraordinary diversity of its climate and landscape wich spread across more than 100 kilometres lying between the area around Pamplona in the north and the Ebro river plain to the south.
- The fact is that Navarra enjoys an exceptional location, one which is practically unique in the Iberian Peninsula and is marked by the confluence of the Atlantic, Continental and Mediterranean climates. The proximity of the Bay of Biscay, the influence of the Pyrenees and the temperate incluence of the Ebro valley are all key factors in giving Navarra its unique range different climates.
- Red variety vines, for production of reds and rosados, represent 94% of the all vines planted in the DO, though this percentage is decreasing as more white varieties are planted. The traditional Garnacha represents 32%, Tempranillo 36%, Cabernet Sauvignon 13%, Merlot 11% with Graciano and Mazuelo making up the remaining percentage. The main white variety is the Viura, which is also the only authorised white variety.